Major racial disparities appear to be present in many states. In fact, data from Illinois shows that only 13.2% of individuals tested for SARS-CoV-2 were African-Americans, yet they made up 38.1% of deaths and 24.2% of confirmed cases, which is disproportionate to their population size. In Kansas, Latinos are infected at over twice the rate of non-Latinos and are also tested at a lower rate.
COVID-19 can worsen outcomes within racial minorities because they have poorer access to healthcare, a high incidence of chronic illness and are sometimes wary of the healthcare system.
Ronald J. Daniels and Marc H. Morial. The Covid-19 Racial Disparities Could Be Even Worse Than We Think. Washington Post. April 23, 2020.